Do you know what is exactly the meaning of the word 'computer'?? How it can exists and give benefits for us?? Although it already exists,how it can make an evolution from generation to another generation?? The most important thing is who are the person that invented the computer?? :) To answer all this questions is not as simple as that. So, lets find all the answers by exploring the real history of this computer..
Computer, the word that we always heard and being our daily use, is a programmable machine. It's already known that this machine can receives input, stores, manipulates data, and provides output in a useful format. Refer to the questions above, the word 'computer' was used for the first time in 1613, which is referred to a person who carried out calculations and computations. Then, the word was used continuously until the middle of the 20th century.
The history of this computer can be divided into 5 generations which is First Generation until the Fitfh Generation.
The development of computer keep continuing until the third generation which is from 1964 until 1971. This generation more focuses on the integrated circuits. Dr. John Kemeny from Dartmouth was the person that leads the development of the BASIC programming language of computer in the year 1965. At the same time, Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) was introduced the first mini-computer which is named PDP-8, used as an interface for time-sharing systems. In this generation also, the transistors were miniaturized and placed on silicon chips, called semiconductors, which drastically increased the speed and efficiency of computers. That is why computer can be transform from tha large size to more small than before. Instead of punched cards and printouts, users interacted with third generation computers through keyboards and monitors and interfaced with an operating system, which allowed the device to run many different applications at one time with a central program that monitored the memory. Besides that, through this generation also the floppy disk was introduced by Alan Shugart from IBM who demonstrated the first regular use of 8 inch floppy disk. In 1969, the ARPANET network, a predecessor of the Internet, was established.
EXAMPLE OF THE THIRD GENERATION COMPUTER